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Title: La vaccinazione nel gatto: pro e contro
Other Titles: Feline vaccination: pros and cons
Authors: Casaletti, Eleonora
Issue Date: 9-Sep-2021
Publisher: Università di Parma. Dipartimento di Scienze medico veterinarie
Document Type: Bachelor thesis
Abstract: Vaccination is the most efficient and cost-effective method of controlling infectious diseases in humans and animals. Smallpox is an example of the effectiveness of using vaccines to eradicate a disease. Even today, many infectious diseases are kept under control by routine vaccination. In cats, parvovirus, calicivirus, herpesvirus type 1 and rabies are contained through vaccination and guidelines that provide veterinarians with protocols to safeguard public and animal health. The technology behind vaccine production in continuous improvement, a greater understanding of immune mechanisms and ways to optimize the immune response to achieve maximum protection have allowed more excellent safety and efficacy in the use of vaccines. These improvements allow for a reassessment of the risks and benefits of vaccination and have led to changes in guideline protocols. Vaccination, however, is not always a harmless, risk-free procedure. A risk-benefit analysis should accompany the use of any vaccine. An evaluation of the pros and cons carried out by the veterinarian in consultation with the animal owner allows the creation of personalized vaccination protocols based on the actual risk of exposure to an infectious disease, the animal's lifestyle, and age. Before using a vaccine, the veterinarian should consider the likelihood of an adverse effect and possible consequences. Adverse effects should be reported to the vaccine manufacturer or the appropriate state agencies. Although adverse effects are rare and, in most cases, mild and transient, every veterinarian should take care not to vaccinate more than necessary, following the guidelines and considering the possibility of an adverse effect each time.
Appears in Collections:Scienze medico-veterinarie

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