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Title: Effective Thickness of Laminated Glass Beams.New expression via a variational approach.
Authors: Galuppi, Laura
Royer-Carfagni, Gianni
Issue Date: 2-Nov-2011
Document Type: Article
Abstract: The performance of laminated glass, which consists of two or more glass plies bonded together by polymeric interlayers, depends upon shear coupling between the plies through the polymer. This is commonly considered by defining the effective thickness, i.e., the thickness of a monolithic beam with equivalent bending properties in terms of stress and deflection. General expressions have been proposed on the basis of simplified models by Newmark and Wölfel-Bennison, but they are either diffcult to apply or inaccurate. Here, a variational approach to the problem is presented. By choosing appropriate shape functions for the laminated-beam deformation, minimization of the strain energy functional gives new expressions for the effective thickness under any constraint- and load-conditions, embracing the classical formulations as particular cases. Comparisons with numerical experiments confirm the better accuracy of the proposed approach with respect to the previous ones.
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